### MODERATION American Institute of Steel Construction

Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001. Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1., 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading....

### Seismic Design of Steel Structures SpringerLink

Ductile design of CBF steel structures ResearchGate. Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21., Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1..

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1.

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading...

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections.

Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21. MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can

MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis. Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections.

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective

Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections. MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading...

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective

Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21. Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis. Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1.

Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1. Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21.

### Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001

MODERATION American Institute of Steel Construction. 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have, 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have.

### Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001

Seismic Design of Steel Structures SpringerLink. Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections. Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections..

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1. engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective

Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis. 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis. Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1.

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

## Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001

MODERATION American Institute of Steel Construction. Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21., MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can.

### Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001

Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001. Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1., 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading....

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can

MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21.

Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1. Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21.

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can

MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21. Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21. Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1.

MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections.

Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections. 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1. Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1.

engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading...

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21. Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections.

Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001. engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective, engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective.

### Ductile design of CBF steel structures ResearchGate

Ductile design of CBF steel structures ResearchGate. engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective, MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can.

MODERATION American Institute of Steel Construction. Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1., Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1..

### Guidelines for the Design of Buried Steel Pipe July 2001

MODERATION American Institute of Steel Construction. 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections..

MODERATION Design considerations for low- and moderate-seismic regions. SEISMIC DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURESin the U.S. emphasizes the development of ductile elements designed to expe-rience inelastic behavior during a seismic event. The system containing these elements must be “capacity de-signed” with enough strength in the non-yielding elements to ensure that the yielding elements can Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

Abstract. Seismic design of steel building structures has undergone significant changes since the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994. Steel structures, thought to be ductile for earthquake resistance, experienced brittle fracture in welded moment connections. Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.

Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1. 21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading...

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have Krawinkler, Earthquake Design and Performance of Steel Structures, Bulletin of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol 29, No 4, 1996. 21.

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... engineers, listed in the Acknowledgements, to prepare a guide for the design of buried steel pipe. The group prepared the guidelines presented in this report, with an emphasis on the fundamental design equations suitable for hand calculations, and where necessary, guidance for finite element analysis. 1.1 Project Objective

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

21/02/2016 · The next video is starting stop. Loading... 2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have

Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1. Solutions Manual to problems in Failure, Fracture, Fatigue An Introduction by Tore Dahlberg Anders Ekberg Studentlitteratur, Lund 2002, ISBN 91-44-02096-1.

2 DESCRIPTION OF BUILDINGS AND DESIGN LOADS With reference to 3 and 6 story steel buildings, characterized by the same plan dimensions (Figure 1.a.), ductile concentric braced frames (CBFs) have Since the structure is a regular building with a height less than 16.50 m, as per Clause 7.8.1 of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002, a dynamic analysis need not be carried out. The effect of finite size of joint width (e.g., rigid offsets at member ends) is not considered in the analysis.